IUI FAQs for Women
When is the best time to do an insemination?
We will be monitoring your body’s response to your fertility medications throughout your cycle and watching you closely to predict ovulation. Approximately 36 hours before your scheduled insemination, you will take an injection of HCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) to trigger ovulation.
Should I do one or two inseminations?
It is most common to perform one insemination per cycle, approximately 36 hours after HCG is taken. While pregnancy rates are higher with two inseminations, the rate is not significantly higher. You may elect to do two inseminations- just be sure to discuss this with us so we can space your appointments accordingly.
Should I have intercourse before or after my IUI?
Please engage in normal sexual activity during the course of the medicated cycle. If doing one insemination, we recommend that you have intercourse on the day you take your HCG. If two inseminations are planned, then it is best not to have sex the night of HCG trigger since the male partner will be producing two specimens over the next two days.
What should I expect at my IUI appointment?
The appointment will take 15-20 minutes in our office and will be performed by one of our physicians or highly trained nurses. It will feel very similar to a pap. Your partner or donor’s washed sperm (prepared by our lab) will be inserted into your uterus by a thin, spaghetti-like catheter. This part of the procedure only takes a minute or two. When using a fresh sample of sperm, the preparation may take up to one hour.
What happens if the IUI catheter will not go into my uterine cavity?
It is very rare for a nurse or doctor to have difficulty inserting your catheter. If they do have difficulty but are able to pass the catheter and you fail to conceive, then you should consider having your cervix dilated in the office between days 4 and 10 of your next cycle. We will often prescribe misoprostol (to dilate your cervix) and pain medication to facilitate the dilation process.
What should I expect after my IUI?
Once we are finished, you will lie in the exam room for about 10 minutes and then can continue on with your day as usual. When you get up to put on your clothes after the procedure, some of the specimen may leak out of the vagina. The uterine cavity will only hold certain amounts of specimen, so don’t worry if this occurs.
Some women will experience cramping after insemination. This is normal. Tylenol may be used for cramping. Do not use aspirin or Motrin like products for cramping because these medications may affect ovulation or implantation. If you experience a sustained fever after insemination then you should be seen in the office or emergency room.
There are no physical restrictions on patients following an IUI. Feel free to carry on with your daily activities after your appointment and in the days that follow. Some women report light spotting for a day or two following their IUI. This is also normal.
Should I take any medications after my insemination?
We sometimes recommend patients take progesterone starting two days after insemination. This will likely be prescribed as a 50 mg vaginal suppository and should be used at night for 14 days. If you do not experience a period, do a home pregnancy test 2 weeks after your insemination date. If negative, stop the progesterone and wait for your period. If positive, please continue progesterone and call us to obtain a blood pregnancy test confirming HCG (pregnancy hormone) level.